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This article will guide you through the replacement of the nozzle on your Original Prusa MINI printer. Note that this requires you to have some tools available and also be careful while changing the nozzle as you might damage the printer or burn yourself.
Why change the nozzle?
There might be two reasons, why you need to replace the nozzle:
The nozzle is worn out and needs a replacement.
You want to print using a different nozzle diameter.
Unless you print abrasive materials with a brass nozzle, the stock nozzle will last you many hundreds of printing hours. Changing a relatively new nozzle to resolve a clog is not the solution!
The stock 0.4mm Nozzle installed on the Original Prusa MINI can be found in the eshop. The printer is also compatible with E3D V6 nozzles.
Get hold of a 16mm spanner, or an adjustable wrench to secure the heater block, plus a pair of pliers or a 7mm socket to unscrew the nozzle. A very large spanner or an adjustable wrench can quickly drain heat from the heater block and may cause a Thermal runaway error, depending on how it grips the block.
Get a non-flammable surface to place the used hot nozzle on (i.e. plate or aluminum foil).
There must always be a gap (~0.5 mm) between the nozzle and the heater block (blue marker/Green arrow). This is important to make sure the nozzle is 'locked' against the heatbreak, creating a seal. If there is no visible gap between the nozzle and the heater block, it can indicate that the nozzle didn't reach the heatbreak, which can lead to leaks and clogs (red arrows).
Oppositely, if the outside gap is too large (several millimeters), it can change the thermal properties of the hotend, and the printer will struggle to reach and hold the set temperature.
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